Department of Psychiatric Social Work

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Psychiatric Rehabilitation Activities at the Central Institute of Psychiatry, Ranchi

Psychiatric rehabilitation, also known as psychosocial rehabilitation, is the process of restoration of community functioning and well-being of an individual who has a psychiatric disability. Rehabilitation work undertaken by psychiatrists, social workers, psychologists and occupational therapists seeks to effect changes in a person's environment and in a person's ability to deal with his/her environment, so as to facilitate improvement in symptoms or personal distress. These services often combine pharmacologic treatment, independent living and social skills training, psychological support to clients and their families, housing, vocational rehabilitation, social support and network enhancement, and access to leisure activities. There is often a focus on challenging stigma and prejudice to enable social inclusion, on working collaboratively in order to empower clients, and sometimes on a goal of full psychosocial recovery.

The psychiatric inpatients at the Central Institute of Psychiatry, Ranchi are involved in various psychosocial rehabilitation activities which are as follows:

  • Approximately 20-25 long stay patients attend the D N Nandi Sheltered Workshopper day. These patients are actively involved in book binding work, reprography, making Case Record Forms and other miscellaneous forms that the Institute requires. The journals that the Institute subscribes for the library are sent to the Sheltered Workshop for binding.Some of these activities tend to be repetitive and monotonous; based upon their work performance their behaviour is reinforced through the Token Economy principle – in exchange of a token, they are given biscuits, tea/coffee and other eatables.
  • At R B Davis Male Occupation Therapy unit an average of 40-50 inpatients per day(i.e. 1000-1250 patients per month) are trained and their behaviour is reinforced in various skilled activities such as carpentry, welding of chairs and iron beds, weaving, chair-caning, painting, envelope making, card making, tailoring of patient and staff uniforms. The finished products are sold in the market. Some patients are interested in gardening and growing vegetables as they are farmers by occupation. These fruits and vegetables are sent to the Institute kitchen.
  • At AjitaChakraborty Female Occupation Therapy unit, an average of 40-50 inpatients per day(i.e. 1000-1250 patients per month) are involved in various skilled activities such as knitting, embroidery, crochet work, jute work – the finished products are sold in the market. Besides this, the patients also make crafts like tie and dye, card and pen stand and dupattas.
  • The child and adolescents patients of the Centre for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, an average of 15 inpatients per day(i.e. 375 patients visits per month) are involved in ‘Pahal Club’ which is a kind of rehabilitation program which focuses on gift card making, hand-bag making – which are also sold in the market, the income being used for patient welfare.
    Pahal Club Activities –every session of the Club includes story-telling. This helps in developing and improving social skills. Often times the responsibility of conducting a story-telling session is entrusted to an adolescent boy or girl – this helps in assessing their capability and reliability of handling other children and helps develop their leadership qualities.
    From time to time, various events are organized – children learn to make various handicrafts, greeting cards, envelopes, methods of cutting papers in different shapes and pasting them on cards etc.Such activities help improve both motor coordination and attention span. A break of 10 minutes is given to hyperactive children after every activity. After finishing these activities, children play various indoor games such as carom, badminton etc.Pahal is like a playground for these children and also a platform for liberating themselves from the stigma and hardships of having a disorder.

Long Stay Patients: Sixty five long stay patients of the Institute on state quota (West Bengal) beds were handed over to the Government of West Bengal in October 1998.Whereas the number of long stay patients in the Institute in the year 2006 were 87 (48 male patients and 39 female), constituting 2.71% of the inpatient admissions that year, this number came down to 31 by the year 2010 (15 male patients and 16 female) – this constituted 0.68% of the inpatient admissions in 2010. Currently 15 long stay male patients stay at Bhaskaran Rehabilitation Centre.

Photographic depiction of the various activities (section-wise) at the Department of Occupation Therapy at the Central Institute of Psychiatry, Ranchi















Department of Psychiatric Social Work and Bhaskaran Rehabilitation Centre


The department of psychiatric social work came into existence in the decade of the 1950s although family psychiatry can be dated back to 1922 when patients were admitted in specially made cottages with their family members for multidimensional treatment.The Institute began the course of Diploma in Psychiatric Social Work (DPSW) in the year 1970. In 1985 this course was upgraded to M.Phil. in Psychiatric Social Work. At present, 12 seats are available for M. Phil trainees. Functions and activities performed by the Department of Psychiatric Social Work include:

  • Providing rehabilitation services to patients who have already developed some irreversible damage in their mental health due to severe mental disorders. Rehabilitations services like ‘vocational and occupational skills training’ are provided in different areas;
  • Providing daily therapeutic interventions like ‘group therapy’ and ‘group activities’ to patients in order to alleviate their problems as well as raising their group interaction skills, social skills, group behaviour skills et cetera;
  • Providing family interventions and therapies of different types to alleviate family pathology which are responsible for building up patient’s illnesses and/or helping family members to maintain their normal functioning and develop problem solving skills;
  • Self-help group development of patients and their key caregivers to make them self-reliant and mutually supportive;
  • Providing psychoeducation and counseling services to key caregivers;
  • The Department also plays an important role in running ‘Pahal Club’ activities.
The Department of Psychiatric Social Work is actively engaged in academic and research activities in the field of mental health.Around 6500 assessments, counselling and therapies were conducted by the department.
  • Providing rehabilitation services to patients who have already developed some irreversible damage in their mental health due to severe mental disorders. Rehabilitations services like ‘vocational and occupational skills training’ are provided in different areas;
  • Providing daily therapeutic interventions like ‘group therapy’ and ‘group activities’ to patients in order to alleviate their problems as well as raising their group interaction skills, social skills, group behaviour skills et cetera;
  • Providing family interventions and therapies of different types to alleviate family pathology which are responsible for building up patient’s illnesses and/or helping family members to maintain their normal functioning and develop problem solving skills;
  • Self-help group development of patients and their key caregivers to make them self-reliant and mutually supportive;
  • Providing psychoeducation and counseling services to key caregivers;
  • The Department also plays an important role in running ‘Pahal Club’ activities.








Department of Psychiatric Social Work and Bhaskaran Rehabilitation Centre

The department of psychiatric social work came into existence in the decade of the 1950s although family psychiatry can be dated back to 1922 when patients were admitted in specially made cottages with their family members for multidimensional treatment.The Institute began the course of Diploma in Psychiatric Social Work (DPSW) in the year 1970. In 1985 this course was upgraded to M.Phil. in Psychiatric Social Work. At present, 12 seats are available for M. Phil trainees. Functions and activities performed by the Department of Psychiatric Social Work include:

  • Providing rehabilitation services to patients who have already developed some irreversible damage in their mental health due to severe mental disorders. Rehabilitations services like ‘vocational and occupational skills training’ are provided in different areas;
  • Providing daily therapeutic interventions like ‘group therapy’ and ‘group activities’ to patients in order to alleviate their problems as well as raising their group interaction skills, social skills, group behaviour skills et cetera;
  • Providing family interventions and therapies of different types to alleviate family pathology which are responsible for building up patient’s illnesses and/or helping family members to maintain their normal functioning and develop problem solving skills;
  • Self-help group development of patients and their key caregivers to make them self-reliant and mutually supportive;
  • Providing psychoeducation and counseling services to key caregivers;
  • The Department also plays an important role in running ‘Pahal Club’ activities.
The Department of Psychiatric Social Work is actively engaged in academic and research activities in the field of mental health.Around 6500 assessments, counselling and therapies were conducted by the department.